Drought Drilling

Drought Drilling

As for the “five-year plan” to improve Israel's water balance, Mekorot has promoted the Drought Drilling Project to produce water from groundwater reservoirs. The drillings initiated by Mekorot are part of an emergency plan to provide an immediate response to narrow the gap between supply and demand in the coming years. Seven consecutive years of drought have brought water levels in most aquifers and in the Sea of Galilee historical low or close thereto: the water reservoirs are short of over a billion and a half cubic meters from a desirable operation situation! The drillings are designed to take advantage of every possible drop of water, even from groundwater reservoirs throughout the country, which have diminished following years of drought.

 

Mekorot’s preparations well ahead of time have therefore enabled the continued supply of water to all residents of the country even during the years of drought, while preserving the natural assets. The challenge facing Mekorot was even greater in the remote desert areas of Israel, the Negev and Arava, as well as in the Golan Heights. These areas are not connected to the national water system and their water supply is based solely on local wells.

 

As part of the "drought drillings", Mekorot has completed many drillings throughout the country. They contribute tens of millions of cubic meters annually to the towns. In the next two years, Mekorot plans to continue the drillings which will facilitate the production of tens of millions of cubic meters of water. The contribution is also reflected in another key objective that Mekorot has set for itself: rehabilitation of the natural water sources in Israel. For example, “drought drillings” is helping to rehabilitate the southern coastal aquifer – Israel’s main natural water basin, which provides, on average, approx. 40 million cubic meters of water annually.